Vulvo-Vaginal Dysplasia

Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, also known as VAIN, is a condition that causes pre-cancerous changes in the cells of the vaginal tissue.
Women over age 50 are at the highest risk for VAIN, but the condition can develop in women of any age.

​Three grades:

  • VAIN 1: One-third of the depth of the surface layer is affected
  • VAIN 2: Two-thirds of the depth of the surface layer is affected
  • VAIN 3: The entire surface layer is affected

​Causes of VAIN:

  • HPV: human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Immunosuppression: Smoking, Genetic disorders of the immune system.

​Diagnosing VAIN

  • ​Colposcopy & Biopsy
  • Pap smear

​​​VAIN Treatment Options

  • ​Observation unless advance development

​​​Ablation:

  • ​Carbon dioxide laser treatment
  • Diathermy treatment
  • Internal Radiotherapy

​Surgery: Local excision, Partial or total vaginectomy
You will need to schedule routine follow-up exams with your gynecologist.