Throughout your pregnancy, the placenta is responsible for getting nutrients and oxygen into your baby’s bloodstream, as well as removing its waste products.
Abnormalities of Placenta:
Placenta Previa: The placenta covers the cervix, partially or completely and increases bleeding risks and need for cesarean delivery.
The third trimester early bleedings might require hospitalization and bed rest for a long duration to birth.
- Increased Transfusion risks.
In rare cases, the placenta remains attached because its blood vessels have grown too deeply into the uterine wall. This is called Placenta Accreta, Increta, and Percreta When it invades deeply to muscle of uterus is called placenta increta, or if they have penetrated through the walls of the uterus, placenta percreta.accreta.
- Bleeding and transfusion.
- May require removal of the uterus also known as Cesarean hysterectomy
- Maternal ICU stay is increasingly likely
Vasa Previa: is a complication in which fetal blood vessels, either in the placenta or in the umbilical cord, are trapped between the baby and the cervix.
- Safe Delivery via early cesarean section
Placenta abnormalities are detected via Ultrasound and some require MRI imaging.