Bone Loss & Osteoporosis

Bone changes with menopause:

Osteoporosis: brittle and fragile bones
Osteopenia: less severe than osteoporosis

Symptoms of Osteoporosis are:

  • Asymptomatic in the majority of women
  • Back pain
  • Bone fractures
  • shrinking stature
  • Slouching Posture​

Risk Factors of Osteoporosis:

  • Sex: Females>Males after age 50.
  • Age
  • Hereditary history
  • Short and Petite women at higher risk
  • Race: worse in Asian women
  • Early Menopause
  • Steroid use
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Anorexia
  • Lack or reduced exercise
  • Alcohol & Smoking​

Reducing your risks:

  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Avoiding alcohol.
  • Preventing falls.
  • Routine check-ups​


  • A bone density scan, also known as a DEXA scan.​

Treatment for Osteoporosis:

  • Biphosphonates like: Fosamax, Atelvia, Reclast, and Boniva
  • Hormone replacement therapy