Oligohydramnios: Too little fluid production.
Amniotic fluid cushions the baby to move and grow inside the uterus & keeps some space between the baby, the umbilical cord, and the uterine wall so that the cord doesn’t become compressed.
Low amount of fluid may be an indication of:
- Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
- Fetal kidney or urinary tract problems
- Genetic disorder
- The placenta is not properly functioning
- The mother has chronic high blood pressure
- Membranes have ruptured silently
- Amnion fusion is a valuable option for individual cases
Polyhydramnios: Too much fluid.
- Severe polyhydramnios may cause:
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling in the feet, ankles, and vulva
- Decreased urine production
- Preterm contractions
- Placenta abruption
Causes of Polyhydramnios:
- Rh incompatibility
- Fetal anemia
- Maternal diabetes
- Genetic conditions
- Complications due to multiple gestation
Treatments for Polyhydramnios
- Treat underlying disease
- Amnioreduction to drain excess fluid
Medication: Indocin but not after 31 weeks as it affects the fetal heart as well
Contact our consultants if you are diagnosed with these conditions and seek expert help.