Oligohydramnios: Too little fluid production.

​Amniotic fluid cushions the baby to move and grow inside the uterus & keeps some space between the baby, the umbilical cord, and the uterine wall so that the cord doesn’t become compressed.

​Low amount of fluid may be an indication of:

  • Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)
  • Fetal kidney or urinary tract problems
  • Genetic disorder
  • The placenta is not properly functioning
  • The mother has chronic high blood pressure
  • Membranes have ruptured silently
  • Amnion fusion is a valuable option for individual cases

Polyhydramnios: Too much fluid.

  • Severe polyhydramnios may cause:
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the feet, ankles, and vulva
  • Decreased urine production
  • Preterm contractions
  • Placenta abruption

Causes of Polyhydramnios:

  • Rh incompatibility
  • Fetal anemia
  • Maternal diabetes
  • Genetic conditions
  • Complications due to multiple gestation

Treatments for Polyhydramnios

  • Treat underlying disease
  • Amnioreduction to drain excess fluid

Medication: Indocin but not after 31 weeks as it affects the fetal heart as well

Contact our consultants if you are diagnosed with these conditions and seek expert help.