What is a Molar Pregnancy?
A molar pregnancy is an abnormal and non-viable pregnancy:
- Complete mole- sperm fertilizes abnormal egg with no embryo
- Partial mole- Two sperms fertilize an egg which results in non-viable abnormal embryo & placenta tissue
Once diagnosis is confirmed the abnormal tissue must be removed right away and even though mostly this is a benign condition careful follow up must continue for an extended period no less than six months.
Twenty percent of incompletely removed molar gestations can become cancerous.
This is known as persistent gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD).
Signs and Symptoms
- Vaginal bleeding
- Pressure in the pelvis
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Vaginal passing of tissue, especially grape-shaped cysts
Diagnosing a molar gestation:
- Elevated HCG levels
- Abnormal ultrasound findings after 8 weeks
- No embryo or fetus/Ovarian Cysts/No amniotic fluid/Grape like cysts intrauterine & malformed fetus in a partial mole scenario that you will have another. significantly History of past molar pregnancy does increase the likelihood, but not