Headaches & Migraines
70% of migraine sufferers are women and mostly due to estrogen fluctuations. Hormone replacement therapy may worsen your intensity and frequency of migraines as are the case with hormonal contraceptive use with susceptible women.
- Throbbing pain, worse on one side
- Nausea & vomiting
- Light sensitivity
- Lasting for hours to days
Migraine associated “Aura”:
- A tingling or numb sensation in the face or fingers
- Mild visual hallucinations, like flashing lights or floating shapes
- Temporary blindness in peripheral vision
- Distortions in perception, like sense of taste, touch, or smell
- Confusion, mental fog
- Lack of sleep
- Bright lights
Some treatment options for migraines include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin) and aspirin.
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol) and Excedrin Migraine
- Triptans (tryptamine-based serotonin receptor agonists): Imitrex, Maxalt, Axert, and Zomig. They work by causing constriction of blood vessels and blocking pain pathways in the brain.
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): can improve certain types and adversely affect others.
- Botox: may be helpful.
- Other medications: antidepressants and anti-seizure drugs seem to prevent or reduce the frequency of migraine headaches.
- Vitamins and minerals: coenzyme Q10, magnesium, and high doses of vitamin B2 may also prevent or reduce the frequency of headaches.