First diagnosed during pregnancy & women with gestational diabetes have an increased chance of developing type II diabetes later in life.

Diabetes: elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Type I: poor insulin production
Type II: insulin resistance

Gestational Diabetes: Placenta hormones create an insulin resistant state.

The pregnancies affected are high risk and increases the baby’s risk of:

  • Macrosomia
  • Pre-term labor
  • Low glucose levels after delivery
  • Jaundice
  • Increased NICU stay
  • Intrauterine fetal demise requiring frequent monitoring
  • increased respiratory distress at preterm birth

Who is at increased risk for Gestational Diabetes?

  • Increased BMI and obesity
  • History of gestational diabetes in a past pregnancy
  • History of Large baby in past
  • Stillbirth in the past
  • Have African-American, Asian-American, Pacific Islander, Hispanic, Latina, or Native-American heritage

Management of Gestational Diabetes:

  • Diabetic Diet
  • Frequent third-trimester fetal monitoring
  • Finger sticks to monitor sugar levels
  • Medications as prescribed by your physician
  • Follow up antepartum testing & visits
  • Six weeks postpartum checkup