First diagnosed during pregnancy & women with gestational diabetes have an increased chance of developing type II diabetes later in life.
Diabetes: elevated blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Type I: poor insulin production
Type II: insulin resistance
Gestational Diabetes: Placenta hormones create an insulin resistant state.
The pregnancies affected are high risk and increases the baby’s risk of:
- Pre-term labor
- Low glucose levels after delivery
- Increased NICU stay
- Intrauterine fetal demise requiring frequent monitoring
- increased respiratory distress at preterm birth
Who is at increased risk for Gestational Diabetes?
- Increased BMI and obesity
- History of gestational diabetes in a past pregnancy
- History of Large baby in past
- Stillbirth in the past
- Have African-American, Asian-American, Pacific Islander, Hispanic, Latina, or Native-American heritage
Management of Gestational Diabetes:
- Diabetic Diet
- Frequent third-trimester fetal monitoring
- Finger sticks to monitor sugar levels
- Medications as prescribed by your physician
- Follow up antepartum testing & visits
- Six weeks postpartum checkup